Arch Linux on Nexus 7 2013, with lots of junk as it's not ready.
You can not select more than 25 topics Topics must start with a letter or number, can include dashes ('-') and can be up to 35 characters long.
Davide Depau 8ab4584237
Add boot images
8 months ago
fbterm Update README for xf86-video-freedreno and fbterm 5 years ago
mkinicpio add documentation and infrastructure for booting with MultiROM 5 years ago
packages Add new Linux kernel + junk - boots and works kinda fine with some 8 months ago
system add systemd unit for refresher and document it 5 years ago
systemd-initramfs Add empties 5 years ago
tmpfiles.d add documentation and infrastructure for ADB and RNDIS over USB 5 years ago
0001-make-ektf3k-driver-report-non-MT-events-too.patch Initial commit 5 years ago
PKGBUILD.libdrm Update README for xf86-video-freedreno and fbterm 5 years ago
PKGBUILD.mesa Update README for xf86-video-freedreno and fbterm 5 years ago
README.md fix markdown syntax, minor edits 5 years ago
abootimg.cfg Update boot image command line 8 months ago
boot.img Add boot images 8 months ago
boot1.img Add boot images 8 months ago
boot2.img Add boot images 8 months ago
boot3.img Add boot images 8 months ago
makebootimage.sh Update initramfs and boot info 5 years ago
refresher.c Initial commit 5 years ago
rom_info.txt add documentation and infrastructure for booting with MultiROM 5 years ago
xorg.conf Update README for xf86-video-freedreno and fbterm 5 years ago

README.md

Arch Linux on Nexus 7 2013 Flo (Native)

Here are my instructions on getting Arch Linux ARM natively booting on the Nexus 7 2013 Flo. Ideally this would be booting from a usb stick or a dedicated partition on the mmc but this is working for me now.

If you cannot get it booting you will need to reboot into recovery and check /proc/last_kmsg for the errors. Or try and build the UART cable (which I failed at)

What’s working

  • Wi-Fi
  • Bluetooth
  • ADB
  • USB Reverse Tethering/RNDIS (guest)
  • USB OTG (host)
  • Framebuffer
  • Audio - you need to setup PulseAudio as systemwide. Not sure why it does not work as a normal user. You will also need the alsaucm files from libasound2-data_1.0.27.2-1ubuntu6_all.deb

Bugs/What’s not working

  • There is no frambuffer console
  • The Software Refresher in the kernel does not work. You will need to run my refresher app or fix the kernel :)
  • The new xa code from x86-video-freedreno-git does not work. gpuaddr in kgsl_bo_gpuaddr comes back a 0
  • Hardware acceleration. Needs LibHybris, we’re working on it.

Not tested

  • NFC (if you know how to test it please let @Davideddu know, I have a bunch of NFC tags to test it with. You can tag me in an issue).

Setup guides

Basic setup and booting with fastboot

  1. Follow the instuctions at https://github.com/borh/nexus-7-2013-arch-scripts to get a working chroot.
  2. Remove trimslice packages from chroot.
  3. Edit the init script (systemd-initramfs/init) to point to your arch.img.
  4. Build the kernel (instructions below).
  5. Build the initramfs (instructions below).
  6. Edit makebootimage.sh to point to the new kernel and to the initramfs you just built and run it to create an Android boot image.
  7. Use fastboot boot <image> to boot the image you just created.
  8. Enjoy ;)

Booting with MultiROM (using an image)

You will need to follow the guide at http://forum.xda-developers.com/showthread.php?t=2457063 to install MultiROM on your device.

Also follow the basic guide above to create the chroot, then follow the following steps.

The init script needs to be modified to support this. You currently can’t boot the same boot image via both fastboot and MultiROM.

  1. Create a ROM folder for Arch Linux

    adb shell mkdir /data/media/0/multirom/roms/<rom name>

  2. Restart adbd as root using adb root; if your ROM doesn’t support it, reboot to recovery.

  3. Push the provided rom_info.txt file. You might want to edit it, it’s a plaintext config file documented at https://github.com/Tasssadar/multirom/wiki/Add-support-for-new-ROM-type

    adb push rom_info.txt /data/media/0/multirom/roms/*\<rom name\>*/

  4. Move your root image to /data/media/0/multirom/roms/<rom name>/root.img`

  5. Edit the init script (systemd-initramfs/init) to point to your new root.img location, then rebuild the initramfs (you don’t need to build the boot image for MultiROM).

  6. Make sure you have the kernel zImage in /data/media/0/multirom/roms/<rom name>/boot/vmlinuz and the initramfs in /data/media/0/multirom/roms/<rom name>/boot/initrd.img

  7. Mount the image, and copy these files (with the same names) to /boot/ into it.

Booting with MultiROM (directly from /data, no image)

(coming soon)

Booting from USB with MultiROM (not tested)

You basically have to follow the MultiROM image booting steps, but instead of placing the files into /data/media/0/multirom you will want to put them into a multirom directory inside of your fat32-formatted USB drive. You will however have to edit the init script, find the USB drive’s device (it should be /dev/block/sda1 but don’t count on that), mount it and pass the torch to systemd’s init.

This hasn’t been tested yet. Detailed instructions will come as soon as I test it.

Getting Wi-Fi working

A normal Nexus 7 Flo boot will call /system/bin/conn_init, which does a whole lot of verifying your MAC address and then writes out a config with the MAC address in it. Very annoying (especially if you want to spoof it). To get around this you need a copy of the Wi-Fi configs and manually enable the wifi driver since it’s not loaded on boot.

The firmware.service is only needed since the firmware is not loaded in the initramfs.

  1. Copy /system/vendor/firmware (android) to /usr/lib/firmware (arch) (you might want to mount system in the chroot or copy the files to /sdcard, then access them from /media/sdcard in the chroot).
  2. rm /usr/lib/firmware/wlan/prima/{WCNSS_qcom_cfg.ini,WCNSS_qcom_wlan_nv.bin} ← these are simlinks
  3. cp /data/misc/wifi/{WCNSS_qcom_cfg.ini,WCNSS_qcom_wlan_nv.bin} /usr/lib/firmware/wlan/prima/ ← these are the files which conn_init writes your mac address to - again, use /sdcard or mount /data into the chroot.
  4. Copy the provided firmware.service to /etc/systemd/system/
  5. ln -s /etc/systemd/system/firmware.service /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/firmware.service
  6. ln -s /usr/lib/systemd/system/wpa_supplicant-nl80211@wlan0.service /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/wpa_supplicant-nl80211@wlan0.service
  7. ln -s /lib/systemd/system/dhcpcd.service /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/dhcpcd.service
  8. ln -s /lib/systemd/system/sshd.service /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/sshd.service
  9. Disable the wpa_supplicant hook in /etc/dhcpcd.conf by adding nohook wpa_supplicant at the end.

Setting up shared Wi-Fi configuration between Arch and Android

  1. Make sure /data is mounted at boot:

    mkdir /data
    echo '/dev/disk/by-partlabel/userdata /data ext4 errors=remount-ro 0 0' >> /etc/fstab
    mount /data
    
  2. Forcibly symlink the Android wpa_supplicant.conf to the Linux location.

    ln -fs /data/misc/wifi/wpa_supplicant.conf /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant-nl80211-wlan0.conf
    
  3. Create a name for the Android wifi group

    groupadd -g $(stat -c '%g' /data/misc/wifi) -r android_wifi
    
  4. Add your main user to said group, so you can access the control sockets. You will need to manually their path if you want to edit the Wi-Fi network configuration.

    usermod -aG android_wifi *\<your username\>*
    

Getting fbterm console

  1. Copy provided fbterm/getty@.service to /etc/systemd/system/
  2. Copy fbterm/fbterm-login to /opt/fbterm-login and make it executable
  3. systemctl enable getty@tty1.service

## Getting Xorg

Install [xf86-video-freedreno-git](https://aur.archlinux.org/packages/xf86-video-freedreno-git) (AUR). Use the xorg.conf included

Instead of filling the AUR with crap you can use the mesa and libdrm PKGBUILDs
included. Always use the git versions as they have the latest freedreno fixes.

## Refreshing (refresher.c)

Since the ```MSMFB_SW_REFRESHER``` does not seem to be working, I wrote this instead.
Just compile it inside of the chroot (do not crosscompile it on your computer), copy it to ```/bin/refresher``` and make it executable.

You can use the included systemd unit file for the refresher:
Copy the provided ```systemd/refresher.service``` to ```/etc/systemd/system/refresher.service```.

## Serial console

USB serial works. I had some problems connecting with the Android Composite Gadget, however just using the ```USB_G_SERIAL``` kernel config seems to work (it's enabled by default in the patched kernel).

To enable it, run

systemctl enable serial-getty@ttyGS0.service ```

and then you will be able to connect to the device via minicom or similar on /dev/ttyACM0.

Getting kernel console boot messages is still a no go as the device is registered too late to work.

Enabling ADB and RNDIS (reverse USB tethering)

  1. Create this link for ADB to be able to find the shell, etc. ln -s / /system
  2. Add the included systemd-tmpfiles config files. They go in /etc/tmpfiles.d, and require a reboot to apply them.

ADB shell works, but you will need to set the size ($COLUMNS and $LINES) and terminal type ($TERM) manually.

To use RNDIS, plug the Nexus into a computer and bridge the virtual ethernet adapter with your local network. Then, bring up the link and get an address as usual. The interface name should be ‘usb0’.

Kernel

You can use the kernel from here: https://github.com/crondog/kernel_msm. Use the mr1 branch.

Building the kernel

A guide to build kernels for Nexus devices can be obtained from Google: http://source.android.com/source/building-kernels.html

Just make sure you use the patched fork provided above instead of the default repository, or that you apply the patches below, otherwise you will likely have issues.

Getting touchscreen working

Apply provided 0001-make-ektf3k-driver-report-non-MT-events-too.patch.

Kernel configuration

I used the following additional configs to get this working. Some might not be necessary but it helps with debugging

Required for display/graphics:

  • CONFIG_FB_MSM_DEFAULT_DEPTH_BGRA8888 (with RGBA patch from robclark)
  • CONFIG_DRM=y
  • CONFIG_MSM_KGSL_DRM=y

Required for Wi-Fi/network:

  • CONFIG_ANDROID_PARANOID_NETWORK=n
  • CONFIG_MODULES=y
  • CONFIG_PRIMA_WLAN=y
  • CONFIG_WCNSS_CORE=y

Required for USB serial:

  • CONFIG_USB_G_SERIAL=y

Required to boot:

  • CONFIG_FHANDLE=y
  • CONFIG_DEVTMPFS=y
  • CONFIG_UTS_NS=y
  • CONFIG_IPC_NS=y
  • CONFIG_USER_NS=y
  • CONFIG_PID_NS=y
  • CONFIG_NET_NS=y
  • CONFIG_DEVPTS_MULTIPLE_INSTANCES=y
  • CONFIG_FANOTIFY=y
  • CONFIG_FANOTIFY_ACCESS_PERMISSIONS=y
  • CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_BOOTPARAM=y

Debugging:

  • CONFIG_DETECT_HUNG_TASK=y
  • CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK=y
  • CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES=y
  • CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP=y
  • CONFIG_STACKTRACE=y
  • CONFIG_DEBUG_BUGVERBOSE=y
  • CONFIG_LOG_BUF_SHIFT=21
  • CONFIG_PANIC_TIMEOUT=0

If you use the kernel at https://github.com/crondog/kernel_msm (mr1 branch), there is a default configuration named flo_defconfig which contains most of the needed options.

Building the initramfs

Manually

Make sure abootimg is installed.

  1. Edit makebootimage.sh and correct paths
  2. cd systemd-initramfs; find . | cpio -o -H newc | gzip > ../minimal.initramfs
  3. ./makebootimage.sh

Using mkinitcpio

  1. Copy zImage to /boot
  2. Copy modules to /lib/modules/`uname -r`
  3. Apply mkinitcpio.patch
  4. Copy hooks/imgmount and install/imgmount to /lib/initcpio
  5. sudo mkinitcpio -p linux
  6. abootimg --create boot.img -f bootimg.cfg -k /boot/zImage -r /boot/initramfs-linux.img